5 Years

Tips, Tricks & Resources

What to Expect

Your child’s experience in kindergarten will give them confidence to take on elementary school! Expect your child to be toilet trained, have a basic grasp of math and reading, enjoy singing and dancing, and speak clearly. Make sure to apply for the Gifted & Talented program as part of your kindergarten application! Scroll down to learn more.


Library Toddler Playdate

Time: 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Play is one of six practices to promote early literacy skills in young children. So come on down for free play!

LEGO Free Play

Time: 5:00 PM
Come to the library and build whatever you want with Legos!

Brooklyn Children’s Museum – Pay as You Wish

Time: 2:00 PM - 6:00 PM
take your kids to visit the Brooklyn Children's Museum to enjoy fun, educational exhibits. Pay as you wish on Thursday afternoons!


Gifted programs

Gifted & Talented Program (G&T)

NYC Department of Education

G&T programs supports the needs of exceptional students with more challenging classes.

School breakfast and lunch


NYC Department of Education

NYC students can enjoy free breakfast and low-price lunch every school day.

Free health care in schools

School-Based Health Centers (SBHC)

NYC Department of Education/NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene

Students can get free health care in their school.


How your child plays, learns, speaks, and acts offers important clues about their development.

What most 5 year olds do at this age:

  • Social

    • Want to please friends, want to be like friends
    • Are more likely to agree with rules
    • Like to sing, dance, and act
    • Are aware of gender, show more independence
    • Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Are sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative
  • Communication

    • Speak very clearly
    • Tell a simple story using full sentences
    • Use future tense
    • Can say name and address
  • Learning

    • Can count 10 or more things
    • Can draw a person with at least six body parts
    • Can print some letters or numbers
    • Can copy a triangle and other simple shapes
    • Know about things used every day, like money and food
  • Physical Development

    • Can stand on one foot for 10 seconds
    • Can hop, may be able to skip
    • Can do a flip
    • Can use a fork and spoon, and sometimes a table knife
    • Can use the toilet on their own
    • Swing and climb
  • Health

    • Have 5 ounces of grains daily
    • Have 1 ½ cups of vegetables daily
    • Have 1 to 1 ½ cups of fruits daily
    • Have 2 ½ cups of milk daily
    • Have 4 ounces of meat and beans daily
    • Have 1 hour of adult-led physical activity
    • Have 1 hour of free play
    • Are not inactive for more than 1 hour at a time (unless sleeping)
    • Sleep about 10-13 hours per day
    • Are on schedule with shots

Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:

    • Doesn’t show a wide range of emotions
    • Shows extreme behavior (unusually fearful, aggressive, shy, or sad)
    • Is easily distracted, has trouble focusing on more than one activity for more than five minutes
    • Doesn’t respond to people, or responds without care
    • Can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Can’t give first and last name
    • Doesn’t talk about daily activities or experiences
    • Doesn’t draw pictures
    • Can't brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help