5 Years

Tips, Tricks & Resources

What to Expect

Your child’s experience in kindergarten will give them confidence to take on elementary school! Expect your child to be toilet trained, have a basic grasp of math and reading, enjoy singing and dancing, and speak clearly. Make sure to apply for the Gifted & Talented program as part of your kindergarten application! Scroll down to learn more.


Winter Nature Crafts

11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Create crafts using natural materials found outdoors with the Urban Park Rangers.

Coloring for Kids

1:00 PM - 2:00 PM
The library provides fantastic coloring sheets and crayons for kids and parents or caregivers to enjoy together.

Sunday Story Time

2:00 PM - 3:00 PM
Join the library on Sunday afternoons for a fun storytime of books, songs, and activities!


Gifted programs

Gifted & Talented Program (G&T)

NYC Department of Education

G&T programs offer specialized classes for exceptional students.

School breakfast and lunch


NYC Department of Education

NYC students can enjoy free breakfast and lunch every school day.

Free health care in schools

School-Based Health Centers (SBHC)

NYC Department of Education/NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene

Students can get free health care in their school.


How your child plays, learns, speaks, and acts offers important clues about their development.

What most 5 year olds do at this age:

  • Social

    • Want to please friends, want to be like friends
    • Are more likely to agree with rules
    • Like to sing, dance, and act
    • Are aware of gender, show more independence
    • Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Are sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative
  • Communication

    • Speak very clearly
    • Tell a simple story using full sentences
    • Use future tense
    • Can say name and address
  • Learning

    • Can count 10 or more things
    • Can draw a person with at least six body parts
    • Can print some letters or numbers
    • Can copy a triangle and other simple shapes
    • Know about things used every day, like money and food
  • Physical Development

    • Can stand on one foot for 10 seconds
    • Can hop, may be able to skip
    • Can do a flip
    • Can use a fork and spoon, and sometimes a table knife
    • Can use the toilet on their own
    • Swing and climb
  • Health

    • Have 5 ounces of grains daily
    • Have 1 ½ cups of vegetables daily
    • Have 1 to 1 ½ cups of fruits daily
    • Have 2 ½ cups of milk daily
    • Have 4 ounces of meat and beans daily
    • Have 1 hour of adult-led physical activity
    • Have 1 hour of free play
    • Are not inactive for more than 1 hour at a time (unless sleeping)
    • Sleep about 10-13 hours per day
    • Are on schedule with shots

Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:

    • Doesn’t show a wide range of emotions
    • Shows extreme behavior (unusually fearful, aggressive, shy, or sad)
    • Is easily distracted, has trouble focusing on more than one activity for more than five minutes
    • Doesn’t respond to people, or responds without care
    • Can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Can’t give first and last name
    • Doesn’t talk about daily activities or experiences
    • Doesn’t draw pictures
    • Can't brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help