Your child’s experience in kindergarten and the time they spend with you can prepare them for lots of learning ahead! At this stage, your child may be toilet trained, have a basic grasp of math and reading, enjoy singing and dancing, and speak clearly.
Learn more about your five-year-old’s development, explore schools options, and find free activities for kids and families below.
The Early Childhood Family Toolkit
The Early Childhood Family Toolkit is a growing collection of our favorite resources for families with young kids. Discover learn-at-home tips and activities, health support, and more—all chosen by the NYC Department of Education.
Explore our favorite family resources
Learn through life's everyday moments
See what your child is learningBy helping your child break tasks down into steps, you encourage them to practice using strategies to achieve goals. They can use these strategies to take on challenges in the future.
Skills children develop as they play, learn, speak, act, and move are called milestones. Learn about milestones to help you understand your child's development and act early if you have concerns.
Around 5 years old, many children:
- Speak very clearly
- Tell a simple story using full sentences
- Use the future tense, for example, "Grandma will be here"
- Can say name and address
- Can count 10 or more things
- Can draw a person with at least 6 body parts
- Can print some letters or numbers
- Can copy a triangle and other simple shapes
- Know about things used every day, like money and food
- Stand on one foot for 10 seconds
- Can hop and may be able to skip
- Can somersault, flipping all the way around forwards or backwards
- Use a fork and spoon and sometimes a table knife
- Use the toilet on their own
- Swing and climb
- Have 5 ounces of grains daily (such as 1 cup of breakfast cereal plus 1 large tortilla)
- Have 1 ½ cups of vegetables daily (such as 3 medium carrots)
- Have 1 to 1 ½ cups of fruits daily (such as 1 medium or large apple OR 1 to 1½ cups 100% fruit juice)
- Have 4 ounces of meat and beans daily (such as 1 small chicken breast plus 1 egg)
- Have 2 ½ cups of milk daily
- Have 1 hour of adult-led physical activity
- Have 1 hour of free play
- Are not inactive for more than 1 hour at a time, unless sleeping
- Sleep about 10–13 hours per day
- Stay on schedule with shots
Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:
- Doesn't show a wide range of emotions
- Shows extreme behavior, such as unusual fear, aggressiveness, shyness, or sadness
- Is easily distracted, having trouble focusing on an activity for more than 5 minutes
- Doesn't respond to people or responds without thought or care
- Can't tell what's real and what's make-believe
- Can't give first and last name
- Doesn't talk about daily activities or experiences
- Doesn't draw pictures
- Can't brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help
Find the support your family needs to thrive
NYC Department of Education (DOE)
Free school breakfast and lunch
NYC students can enjoy free breakfast and lunch every school day.
School-Based Health Centers (SBHC)
NYC Department of Education (DOE); NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene (DOHMH)
Free health care in schools
Students can get free health care in their school.
Gifted & Talented Program (G&T)
NYC Department of Education
G&T programs offer specialized classes for exceptional students.