1 Year

Discover tips, tools, and support for this age

Your little one may get more and more curious! Encourage them as they explore things through banging, shaking, and throwing. At this stage, they may also respond to simple requests and begin to take independent steps. 

Scroll down to learn more about your toddler’s development, get support such as child care, and find free activities to go to together.

Brain Building

Learn through life's everyday moments

When your child is on their back, gently pat their tummy. Sing a favorite song and tap along to the beat on your baby's tummy. Try patting fast and slow. Do they smile or kick? Keep going as long as they seem to be having fun.

See what your child is learning

When you share different sounds and sensations with your child, you're introducing them to concepts of math, rhythm, and music. Connecting with them by touching and talking helps them feel safe and taken care of, laying a strong foundation for learning and growth.

Milestones

Skills children develop as they play, learn, speak, act, and move are called milestones. Learn about milestones to help you understand your child's development and act early if you have concerns.

Around 1 year old, many children:

  • Social

    • Are shy or nervous with strangers
    • Cry when mom or dad leaves
    • Have favorite things and people
    • Show fear in some situations
    • Pass a book when they want to hear a story
    • Repeat sounds or actions to get attention
    • Put out arm or leg to help with getting dressed
    • Play games such as "peek-a-boo"
  • Communication

    • Respond to simple, spoken requests like "give me the book"
    • Use simple gestures, like shaking head "no" or waving goodbye
    • Make sounds with changes in tone, more like speech
    • Say "mama" and "dada" and make exclamations like "uh-oh!"
    • Try to say words they hear others say
  • Learning

    • Explore objects in different ways, such as shaking, banging, or throwing
    • Find hidden things easily
    • Copy gestures
    • Start to use things correctly, like drinking from a cup or brushing hair
    • Can bang two things together
    • But things in a container and take things out of container
    • Let go of objects without help
    • Poke with index finger
  • Physical Development

    • Get into a sitting position without help
    • Pull themself up to stand
    • Walk holding onto furniture, called "cruising"
    • May take a few steps without holding on
    • May stand alone
  • Health

    • Eat mashed, ground, or cut up food and other soft foods with breast milk
    • Sleep about 14 hours per day
    • Stay on schedule with shots

Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:

  • Act Early

    • Doesn't crawl
    • Can't stand when supported
    • Doesn't say words like "mama" or "dada"
    • Doesn't learn gestures such as waving or shaking head
    • Doesn't point to things

Programs

Find the support your family needs to thrive

Early help for infants & toddlers

The Early Intervention Program (EIP)

NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene

Early intervention for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays.

Healthy food for families

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

NYS Department of Health

Free healthy food, counseling about healthy eating, breastfeeding support, and referrals for women, infants, and children under five.

Child care for babies & toddlers

EarlyLearn NYC Child Care

NYC Department of Education

Early child care and education services for up to 10 hours a day

Events

See what your family can do for free in NYC

Brooklyn Children’s Museum – Pay as You Wish

2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Take your kids to visit the Brooklyn Children's Museum to enjoy fun, educational exhibits. Pay as you wish on Thursday and Sunday afternoons!

Family Storytime

10:30 AM - 11:15 AM
Children ages 2 - 5 and their parent or caregiver are invited to listen to stories, sing, dance, and do finger plays.