1 Year

Discover tips, tools, and support for this age

Your little one may get more and more curious! Encourage them as they explore things through banging, shaking, and throwing. At this stage, they may also respond to simple requests and begin to take independent steps. 

Scroll down to learn more about your toddler’s development, get support such as child care, and find free activities to go to together.

Brain Building

Learn through life's everyday moments

As you put groceries away, involve your child by saying something like, "The frozen food goes on the shelf" or "I'm putting the paper towels in the refrigerator." Do they catch your "mistake?" Encourage them to share with you their thinking: Where should those items go and why? Then let them take a turn trying to trick you!

See what your child is learning

When you make playful mistakes, you encourage your child to listen closely and use what they already know to correct you. By asking them to share their thinking, you help them practice stepping back to think before answering, a skill that requires focus and self-control.

Milestones

Skills children develop as they play, learn, speak, act, and move are called milestones. Learn about milestones to help you understand your child's development and act early if you have concerns.

Around 1 year old, many children:

  • Social

    • Are shy or nervous with strangers
    • Cry when mom or dad leaves
    • Have favorite things and people
    • Show fear in some situations
    • Pass a book when they want to hear a story
    • Repeat sounds or actions to get attention
    • Put out arm or leg to help with getting dressed
    • Play games such as "peek-a-boo"
  • Communication

    • Respond to simple, spoken requests like "give me the book"
    • Use simple gestures, like shaking head "no" or waving goodbye
    • Make sounds with changes in tone, more like speech
    • Say "mama" and "dada" and make exclamations like "uh-oh!"
    • Try to say words they hear others say
  • Learning

    • Explore objects in different ways, such as shaking, banging, or throwing
    • Find hidden things easily
    • Copy gestures
    • Start to use things correctly, like drinking from a cup or brushing hair
    • Can bang two things together
    • But things in a container and take things out of container
    • Let go of objects without help
    • Poke with index finger
  • Physical Development

    • Get into a sitting position without help
    • Pull themself up to stand
    • Walk holding onto furniture, called "cruising"
    • May take a few steps without holding on
    • May stand alone
  • Health

    • Eat mashed, ground, or cut up food and other soft foods with breast milk
    • Sleep about 14 hours per day
    • Stay on schedule with shots

Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:

  • Act Early

    • Doesn't crawl
    • Can't stand when supported
    • Doesn't say words like "mama" or "dada"
    • Doesn't learn gestures such as waving or shaking head
    • Doesn't point to things

Programs

Find the support your family needs to thrive

Early help for infants & toddlers

The Early Intervention Program (EIP)

NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene

Support for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays.

Healthy food for families

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

NYS Department of Health

Free healthy food, counseling about healthy eating, breastfeeding support, and referrals for women, infants, and children under five.

Child care for babies & toddlers

EarlyLearn NYC Child Care

NYC Department of Education

Early child care and education services for up to 10 hours a day

Virtual Events

See what your family can do for free in NYC

Jack & Friends: Dragon Queen Story Hour

11:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Drag Queen Story Hour (DQSH) is just what it sounds like—drag queens reading stories to…