10 Years

Tips, Tricks & Resources

What to Expect

As your child’s physical development advances, expect them to grow out their clothes often! During this age they will also develop a more advanced vocabulary and engage people with more confidence. Talking about the physical and emotional changes of puberty will help prepare them for the changes ahead! Scroll down to learn more about COMPASS after school programs, which offer cultural, academic, and enrichment activities to help your child during this time of change.


Winter Nature Crafts

11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Create crafts using natural materials found outdoors with the Urban Park Rangers.

Family Board Games

2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Kids can show off their gaming talents at the library as they make new friends and enhance skills.

Coloring for Kids

1:00 PM - 2:00 PM
The library provides fantastic coloring sheets and crayons for kids and parents or caregivers to enjoy together.


Afterschool programs for students

Comprehensive After School System of NYC (COMPASS NYC)

NYC Department of Youth & Community Development

COMPASS NYC has hundreds of programs for young people in kindergarten through 12th grade.

School breakfast and lunch


NYC Department of Education

NYC students can enjoy free breakfast and lunch every school day.

Free health care in schools

School-Based Health Centers (SBHC)

NYC Department of Education/NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene

Students can get free health care in their school.


How your child plays, learns, speaks, and acts offers important clues about their development.

What most 10 year olds do at this age:

  • Social

    • Display an ability to resolve social problems, such as fights with friends or siblings
    • Show a sense of wanting to gain social approval and live up to expectations of people close to them
    • Continue to develop and test opinions and moral values
    • Display a wider interest in affairs outside of their everyday life
  • Communication

    • Can hold long conversations both with other children and adults outside the family
    • Write well without lines on paper
    • Express feelings and emotions through words
  • Learning

    • Can follow complex written sentences
    • Are able to read longer books with chapters in stages, picking up where they left off
    • Enjoy books and magazines on nonfiction topics of interest
    • Write in more mature ways
    • Comfortable with addition and subtraction, and begin to practice fractions, multiplication, and division
    • Master concepts of time, weight, and distance
  • Physical Development

    • Display increased control of hand movements for more readable handwriting and detailed artwork
    • Enjoy activities such as drawing, painting, sewing, or playing musical instruments
    • Run, climb, ride a bike, and skate with confidence
  • Health

    • Have 5 to 6 ounces of grains daily
    • Have 2 to 2 ½ cups of vegetables daily
    • Have 1 ½ cups of fruits daily
    • Have 3 cups of milk daily
    • Have 5 ounces of meat and beans daily
    • Have 1 hour of moderate and heavy physical activity each day
    • Participate in many 15-minute periods of physical activity
    • Sleep about 9-11 hours per day
    • Are on schedule with shots

Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:

    • Has difficulty maintaining posture for extended periods
    • Fails to follow verbal and written directions in class
    • Uses grammatically incorrect sentences
    • Has low self esteem
    • Avoids activities involving movement and physical coordination
    • Avoids eye contact with children and adults