Enjoy watching your baby’s personality grow right before your eyes! They love to learn from you, so you might see your baby begin to copy facial expressions and babble. They’ll also learn to hold their head steady at this stage.
Scroll down to learn more about your baby’s development, get support for your family, and find free activities to go to together.
The Early Childhood Family Toolkit
The Early Childhood Family Toolkit is a growing collection of our favorite resources for families with young kids. Discover learn-at-home tips and activities, health support, and more—all chosen by the NYC Department of Education.
Explore our favorite family resources
Learn through life's everyday moments
See what your child is learningThis everyday moment is a great opportunity to help your child practice their communication skills as they listen and respond to you. They're also learning important words and gestures from you they will use when they start to talk.
Skills babies develop as they play, learn, speak, act, and move are called milestones. Learn about milestones to help you understand your baby's development and act early if you have concerns.
Around 4 months old, many babies:
- Begin to try out different sounds, like "a-ga" or "a-da," called babbling
- Babble with feeling and copy sounds they hear
- Cry in different ways to show hunger, pain, and tiredness
- Let caregiver know if they're happy or sad
- Reach for a toy with one hand
- Use hands and eyes together
- Follow moving things with eyes from side to side
- Watch faces closely
- Recognize familiar people and things at a distance
- Hold head steady without support
- Push down on legs when feet are on hard surface
- Hold a toy and shake it and swing arms at dangling toys
- Bring hands to mouth
- Push up to their elbows when lying on stomach
- Get needed nutrition from breast milk or formula
- Feed 6 to 8 times per day
- Wet and soil diapers on a regular basis
- Sleep up to 14 hours per day
- Stay on schedule with shots
Act early by talking to a doctor, teacher, or social worker if your child:
- Doesn't watch things as they move
- Doesn't smile at people
- Can't hold head steady
- Doesn't make sounds like vowel noises, squeels, gurgles, or coos
- Doesn't bring things to mouth
- Doesn't push down with legs when feet are placed on a hard surface
- Has trouble moving one or both eyes in all directions
Get the support your family needs to thrive
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
NYS Department of Health (NYS DOH)
Healthy food for families
Free healthy food, counseling about healthy eating, breastfeeding support, and referrals for women, infants, and children under five.
The Early Intervention Program (EIP)
NYC Department of Health & Mental Hygiene (DOHMH)
Help for infants and toddlers with disabilities
Early Intervention is a voluntary program for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays with support for families.
NYC Department of Education (DOE)
Free or low-cost child care for children six weeks to two years old
Early child care and education services for up to 10 hours a day.